Location

 


Qufu is located in the southwest of Shandong Province, around 500 km south of Beijing. It covers around 900 sq km and has a population of 630,000 people. Qufu is the hometown of Confucius, the great philosopher, statesman and educator, considered to be one of the ten great sages of history. In Qufu, the Temple of Confucius, Confucius' (Kong) Family Mansion and the Cemetary of Confucius have all been designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Qufu is also listed by the Chinese State Council in the first group of 24 national famous cities of historical and cultural relics.

Shimen Mountain is one of the famous mountains of Qufu. It is called “the hall of three beliefs (Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism).”  There are still historic statues of the three beliefs on the mountain and it is home to Shimen (Buddhist) Temple.

The pogoda on the nearby Shimen Mountain, the highest point

    

1.&2. The gold course next to our school     3. The wooden hotel of the gold course

The Temple of Confucius

The Temple of Confucius' dates back to 478 BC, which makes it one of the three largest ancient architectural sites of China. It was built in honour of Confucius, a year after his death and later evolved to its current size. It is traditionally visited as a way to pay respects to Confucius, whose teachings and philosophy came to have a deep and profound influence on Chinese and Eastern culture. The temple is also revered for its many cultural relics, its beautiful architecture and the calligraphy and sculptures that mark the various dynasties of it's history.
 

Panoramic view

Confucius Family Mansion

The home of Confucius' son and descendants, Confucius' Family Mansion spans 160,000 sq km and was once the largest private rural estate of China.

Panoramic view

Confucius Family Cemetery

The Confucius Family Cemetary is where the ancestors of Confucius are buried. The cemetery holds the longest line of family descendants in the world. The grounds are surrounded by a natural botanical area covered by over 10,000 mature trees

It is said that disciples of Confucius planted many rare trees here from across China in honor of his passing away. It is thought to be the largest family cemetery in the world holding more than 10,000 tombs.

Panoramic view

Qufu Cultural Festival of Confucius

Qufu's Cultural Festival of Confucius marks the birthday of Confucius and lasts between September 26th and October 10th. It draws localsand visitors from around China and the rest of the world. During the festival, there are ancient music, dance and theatrical performances and various events of celebration to commemorate Confucius.

National Parks

Hill Ni

Ni hill is a national forest park and the birthplace of Confucius . It is in a mountainous location with water streams flowing down from the mountain above and home to the Confucius Academy.

Hill Shimen

Hill Shimen is also listed as a National Forest Park and is said to be where the Tang Dynasty?fs greatest poets Libai and Dufu visited and where they wrote some of their enchanting poems in posterity. The famous dramastist Kong Shangren, a decedent of Confucius is also thought to have wrote the ?hPeach Flower Fan?h here in the Qing Dynasty.

    

1. red leaves on the mountain       2. the steps leading to the Shimen Temple   3. beautiful rocks

Other places of interest

Jiuxian Mountain

With beautiful scenery , Jiuxian Hill is the former site of the Chang Shao War between Lu and Qing state later in the Spring and Autumn period. There is a famous painted stone on the mountain representing a portrait of Confucius at lecture.

Confucius Research Institute

The Confucius Research Institute is a large museum that chronicles and researches into the life of Confucius. It contains relics from the Kong (Confucius) Family Mansion.

Confucius Six Arts City / Confucius Hometown Garden

This is a theme garden displaying the Six Arts of Confucius (propriety , music , archery , charioteering, writing and mathematics) and the influence of Lu culture.

The Analects Tablet Garden

The Anelects were the teachings of Confucius put together by his students after his passing away. Calligraphy and stone cavings of his words are illustrated throughout the garden in honor of Confucian style and culture.

Shouqiu, The Moseleum of Shaohao

Shouqiu is where the Yellow Emperor was born . His son, Shaohao is thought to have been the first of the five Emperors of ancient China. The tomb of Shaohao lies here and is also known as 'the Oriental Pyramid'

The Temple of the Duke of Zhou

The Temple of the Duke of Zhou is a place of national heritage land where the first sage Duke Zhou is traditionally worshipped.

The Temple of Yan

Yan Temple is the temple of Yanhui , the disciple of Confucius.

Nine Dragon Hill (Han Dynasty Tombs)

It is home of the large scale tomb of Emperor Lu of the Han Dynasty . In the Spring and Autumn period, Qufu served as the capital of the State of Lu.

    

1.Confucius Temple: USSCO heritage 2. Confucius Cemetery 3. Mont. Tai: USSCO heritage
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