Wing Chun is one of the ancient southern style of Chinese Kung fu. Firstly it was developed in Guangdong and Fujian (two southern provinces of China) about 250-300 years ago.
There are many stories of its origin. The most popular is the story below:
Wing Chun was created by a female Shaolin Master called Wu Mei (Ng Mui). She was also a great master in Shaolin white crane style. In the Qing Dynasty (1644—1911), the Southern Shaolin Temple was set on fire by the government. Five great Shaolin Martial Artists (Wu Mei, Zhi Shan, Bai Mei, Feng Dao De and Miao Xian) managed to fight the enemy and escape. In order to avoid the Persecution for the government, Wu Mei hide in the DaLiang Mountain, which is situated on the boarder of Sichuan and Yunnan provinces. In this duration, she kept practicing Kung fu; occasionally she saw a snake and crane fight. This enlightened her and she created her own unique style on this basis. Later on, she passed this style to Yan Yong Chun (Yim Wing Chun). After Wing Chun gained this, she systematized it and widely spread the form. Then people named this style Wing Chun to memorize her.
Wing Chun Forms
The main fist forms in Wing Chun are
twelve free forms (12 San Shi) 12散式
Xiao Nian Tou 小念头
seeking Bridge(Xun Qiao) 寻桥
Biao Zhi 标指
wooden dummies and empty poles.
The weapons forms are Dragon Pole, Six-and-a-Half Point Pole, Longpole, double butterfly swords. The main qigong is Shengqi Guiyuan Chikung.
How we can practice Wing Chun
The basic hand movements are San Bang Shou, Cuoshou, liaoshou, Popaishou, Chenqiao and Nianshou(sticky hand).
The basic steps are Siping Step, Sanzi Step, Zhui Step, Gui Step, and Duli Step etc.
The training equipment used are mirror, punch bag, candle, crate circle, chopsticks, thousands layer paper, and wooden dummy.
Characteristics of Wing Chun
Wing Chun is a style, which combines internal forces and close proximity punching together. Its sparring moves are like the struggle between snake and crane. The block moves are like the nimble and winding snake while the attack moves are like the fierce and fast crane moving at an amazing speed, or like a tiger swooping at its prey.
Wing Chun is based on sparring, with the characteristic of various movements, practical use, explosive power. Its typical moves are Da San Ce, Xiao Fu Yang, Geng Lan Tan Bang, Mo Dang Lu, Shen Shi JI Lao, Qu Shou Liu Zhong, Da, Jie, Chen, Biao, Bang, Wan Zhi, Nian, Mo, Yun Dang, Tou, Lou and Er Zi Qian Yang Ma. Wing Chun is an internal Kung fu form, which uses a keen insight into touch. This allows you a greater understanding of your opponent, with the correct release of explosive power in your sparring.
Other Wing Chun Styles
The different styles of Wing Chun being taught now is Ye Wen （Yip Men） Wing Chun fist, Hong Ji fist, Cen Neng Wing Chun Fist, Yuan Qi Shan Wing Chun Fist, Gu Lao Pian Shen Wing Chun Fist, Hong Chuan (red boat) Wing Chun Fist, Bao Hua Lian Wing Chun Fist, Peng Nan Wing Chun Fist.
The famous Martial arts star Bruce Lee (Li Xiao Long) once followed Master Ye Wen and studied Wing Chun systematically. We can say that Jeet Kune Do, which Bruce Lee created, closely combines Wing Chun with the other martial art styles he studied creating the main core and foundations of his fighting principals.